The Act Of Balance: Weight Management

11 Pages Posted: 16 Aug 2019

See all articles by Fatimat Adigun-Bello

Fatimat Adigun-Bello

Harvard University, Students

Paul Cottrell

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Victoria Virgulak

Harvard University, Students

Vivan Okonta

Harvard University, Students

Date Written: December 10, 2018

Abstract

The word balance is a complicated term in the human life. It is often heard relating to everyday tasks, but often forgotten is the most important balance that of which is found within the human body. One pivotal marker of an individual having balance is having full control of body weight. It is a significant challenge to maintain an ideal fitness and weight.

The human body has a complex set of hormones and signaling systems that monitor and adjust to retain balance. The systems, if properly maintained, work in harmony. However, if there is a slight issue, the systems can turn on the human body and cause damage. Insulin is able to work in the body as a positive and a negative asset. If properly managed, insulin can assist in weight loss by metabolizing glucose and reducing the need for fat synthesis, however if improperly managed, poor diet can lead to rising levels of insulin and eventually result in weight gain and type II diabetes. To sustain the body’s energy, two important hormones work in opposition of each other - leptin and adiponectin. Leptin suppresses appetite and increases metabolic rate while adiponectin increases appetite and decreases metabolic rate. These hormones exert their actions via other hormones and neuropeptides. Others include ghrelin, neuropeptide Y (NPY) and agouti-related peptide (AgRP) which work together to increase energy intake and promote weight gain. With weight loss, hormones such as ghrelin will increase to guard against continued weight loss. There are several other hormones involved in body weight control that are activated with exercise including testosterone, cortisol, and growth hormone. The duration and intensity of the exercise affects them differently. For example, after an intensive exercise, the body upkeeps the balance by repairing and building muscles via these hormones.

While there are large strides being made in research on the correct way to balance weight in the human body, there is still research to be done to help combat worldwide obesity and obesity related diseases. There are questions left to be answered, however basic understanding of all the systems and its hormones can progress everyone on the correct path for balance.

Keywords: Weight Management, Hormones, Neuropeptides, Leptin, Adiponectin

Suggested Citation

Adigun-Bello, Fatimat and Cottrell, Paul and Virgulak, Victoria and Okonta, Vivan, The Act Of Balance: Weight Management (December 10, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3435818 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3435818

Fatimat Adigun-Bello

Harvard University, Students ( email )

Cambridge, MA
United States

Paul Cottrell (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Victoria Virgulak

Harvard University, Students ( email )

Cambridge, MA
United States

Vivan Okonta

Harvard University, Students ( email )

Cambridge, MA
United States

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