Review Article: Financial Performance Measures in Merger and Acquisition Studies

20 Pages Posted: 20 Aug 2019

See all articles by Seyed-Reza Hashemian-Rahaghi

Seyed-Reza Hashemian-Rahaghi

University of Windsor - Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry; Universiti Putra Malaysia-Putra Business School; Tabriz University of Medical Sciences

Cheng FanFah

University Putra Malaysia

Farnaz Abed-Ashtiani

University of Windsor; University of Tabriz; Universiti Putra Malaysia

Taufiq Hassan

University Putra Malaysia - Faculty of Economics and Management

Date Written: July 21, 2017

Abstract

Mergers and Acquisitions (M&A)s are motivated by various reasons and their real result is difficult to predict as many factors affect their outcome and procedure. Current study aimed to review M&A researches which used financial and accounting measures. A group of studies indicated that restructurings leaded to better financial and operating profile of companies and they resulted in synergistic gains. However, many researches concluded no significant improvement was achieved or restructurings worsened the performance of companies. Studies implied that rationale for unsuccessful M&As could be explained by agency conflicts or hubris theory. Studies also explained financial motivation as another factor inducing M&As especially during tough times or where environmental factors provided context for restructurings. Size of the merger participants and industry classification impacted the M&A procedure. However studies reported contradictory findings of effect of M&A type on restructurings and no relationship observed between post acquisition performance of companies and method of payment.

Keywords: accounting indicator, acquisition, effecting factors, financial measure, merger motivations

JEL Classification: G34

Suggested Citation

Hashemian-Rahaghi, Seyed-Reza and FanFah, Cheng and Abed-Ashtiani, Farnaz and Hassan, Taufiq, Review Article: Financial Performance Measures in Merger and Acquisition Studies (July 21, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3436345 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3436345

Seyed-Reza Hashemian-Rahaghi (Contact Author)

University of Windsor - Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry ( email )

Canada

Universiti Putra Malaysia-Putra Business School ( email )

Serdang, Selangor 43400
Malaysia

Tabriz University of Medical Sciences ( email )

Tabriz
Iran

Cheng FanFah

University Putra Malaysia ( email )

Selangor Darul Ehsan
Serdang, Selangor 43400
Malaysia

Farnaz Abed-Ashtiani

University of Windsor ( email )

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
401 Sunset Avenue
Windsor, Ontario N9B 3P4
Canada

University of Tabriz ( email )

29 Bahman blv.
Tabriz, East Azerbaijan 5166614766
Iran

Universiti Putra Malaysia ( email )

Universiti Putra Malaysia
Selangor, Selangor 43400
Malaysia

Taufiq Hassan

University Putra Malaysia - Faculty of Economics and Management ( email )

Serdang, Selangor 43400
Malaysia

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