Wading Out the Storm: The Role of Poverty in Exposure, Vulnerability and Resilience to Floods in Dar Es Salaam

52 Pages Posted: 14 Aug 2019 Last revised: 5 Sep 2019

Date Written: August 12, 2019

Abstract

Dar es Salaam is frequently affected by severe flooding causing destruction and impeding daily life of its 4.5 million inhabitants. The focus of this paper is on the role of poverty in the impact of floods on households, focusing on both direct (damage to or loss of assets or property) and indirect (losses involving health, infrastructure, labor, and education) impacts using household survey data. Poorer households are more likely to be affected by floods; directly affected households are more likely female-headed and have more insecure tenure arrangements; and indirectly affected households tend to have access to poorer quality infrastructure. Focusing on the floods of April 2018, affected households suffered losses of 23 percent of annual income on average. Surprisingly, poorer households are not over-represented among the households that lost the most - even in relation to their income, possibly because 77 percent of total losses were due to asset losses, with richer households having more valuable assets. Although indirect losses were relatively small, they had significant well-being effects for the affected households. It is estimated that households? losses due to the April 2018 flood reached more than US$100 million, representing between 2-4 percent of the gross domestic product of Dar es Salaam. Furthermore, poorer households were less likely to recover from flood exposure. The report finds that access to finance play an important role in recovery for households.

Keywords: Natural Disasters, Inequality, Hydrology, Climate Change and Agriculture, Water and Food Supply

Suggested Citation

Erman, Alvina Elisabeth and Tariverdi, Mersedeh and Obolensky, Marguerite Anne Beatrice and Chen, Xiaomeng and Vincent, Rose Camille and Malgioglio, Silvia and Maruyama Rentschler, Jun Erik and Hallegatte, Stephane and Yoshida, Nobuo, Wading Out the Storm: The Role of Poverty in Exposure, Vulnerability and Resilience to Floods in Dar Es Salaam (August 12, 2019). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 8976. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3436477

Alvina Elisabeth Erman (Contact Author)

World Bank

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Mersedeh Tariverdi

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Marguerite Anne Beatrice Obolensky

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Xiaomeng Chen

Macquarie University - Faculty of Business and Economics ( email )

North Ryde
Sydney, New South Wales 2109
Australia

Rose Camille Vincent

World Bank

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Silvia Malgioglio

World Bank

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Jun Erik Maruyama Rentschler

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Stephane Hallegatte

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Nobuo Yoshida

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
6
Abstract Views
30
PlumX Metrics