The Political Economy of Enforcer Liability for Wrongful Police Stops
Journal of Public Economic Theory (Forthcoming)
22 Pages Posted: 19 Aug 2019 Last revised: 30 Nov 2020
Date Written: August 15, 2019
This article questions whether excessive policing practices can persist in an environment where law enforcement policies are subject to political pressures. Specifically, it considers a setting where the police decide whether to conduct stops based on the suspiciousness of a person's behavior and the potential liability for conducting a wrongful stop. We establish that the liability level that results in a voting equilibrium is smaller than optimal, and, consequently, that excessive policing practices emerge in equilibrium.
Keywords: Crime; Police Stops; Political Economy; Liability
JEL Classification: K42, P48
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation