EFL Teaching in Indonesia: Globalization, Localization and the 'Third Place'
8 Pages Posted: 11 Oct 2019
Date Written: August 24, 2007
EFL teachers all over the world are facing a political and pedagogical problem of how to teach English in accordance with the local governments' educational policy. This paper tackles the problem in the social and cultural context of Indonesia. The dichotomy of globalization and localization is the main problem behind Indonesian government's decision in planning and implementing EFL policy. In the past few decades, EFL in Indonesia has shifted from a traditional way of learning to a new direction, namely, from acquisition of linguistic forms to enhancing communicative competence. However, a lack of justification of how, and what should be taught through the EFL policy has resulted in a stagnated state. The current nationalism dominated view may contribute more to the boundaries maintenance hindering the cross-cultural understanding and tolerance. This paper argues that teaching EFL in Indonesia needs to include both global as well as local cultural contents. This paper is based on theoretical analysis of the third place put forward by Kramsch (1993) in terms of the current English teaching practices in Indonesia.
Keywords: EFL in Indonesia, ELT in Indonesia, Third Culture in EFL, Teaching English in Indonesia
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