'Koji' i 'kojega' (Relative Pronoun Forms 'Koji' and 'Kojeg')

Jezik (ISSN 0021-6925) 40 (1993), 4; 103-108

6 Pages Posted: 19 Aug 2019

Date Written: October 5, 1993

Abstract

Serbo-Croatian Abstract: Za kategoriju živo/neživo poznato je da se u standardnom jeziku ostvaruje razlikom u nastavcima imenica muškog roda u akuzativu jednine. Tako imenice muškog roda koje označavaju nešto živo imaju akuzativ jednine jednak genitivu, a imenice muškog roda koje označavaju nešto neživo imaju akuzativ jednine jednak nominativu. Isto vrijedi za zamjenice i pridjeve koji se slažu s imenicom. U ovome članku pokazuje se pomoću analize korpusa da akuzativ relativne zamjenice "koji" u praksi kontinuirano odstupa od tog pravila. Naime, oblik "kojeg" se ustrajno širi već stoljećima na račun oblika "koji", usprkos normativnim upozorenjima unazad niza desetljeća. U članku se objašnjava uzrok toj pojavi. Također se utvrđuje da se oblik "kojeg" pojavljuje čak i u akuzativu jednine srednjeg roda.

English Abstract: The paper deals with the spread of the genitive-accusative syncretism to the masculine inanimate of the relative pronoun "koji" ('which'), e.g. GA "auto kojeg je progutao mrak" instead of NA "auto koji je progutao mrak" ('a car covered by darkness'). The cause of this type of syncretism lies in the necessity to disambiguate the subject and the object by morphological means. The nominative-accusative syncretism of the form "koji" is inadequate, so the genitive form "kojeg" is preferred. This form satisfies the need of the speaker to express a morphologically unambiguous object, especially as the neutral word order entails the subject in sentence initial position (the position of the relative pronoun in the relative clause). The author suggests that it would be advisable to permit the use of accus. sg. "kojeg" to refer to inanimate antecedents in order to distinguish between the subject and the object.

Note: Downloadable document is in Serbo-Croatian.

Keywords: Syntax, Semantics, Relative Clauses, Relative Pronoun, Syntactic Functions, Genitive, Accusative, Syncretism, Object, Subject, Masculine, Neuter, Animate, Inanimate, Corpus Analysis, Prescriptive, Croatian, Serbo-Croatian

Suggested Citation

Kordić, Snježana, 'Koji' i 'kojega' (Relative Pronoun Forms 'Koji' and 'Kojeg') (October 5, 1993). Jezik (ISSN 0021-6925) 40 (1993), 4; 103-108. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3438085

Snježana Kordić (Contact Author)

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HOME PAGE: http://snjezana-kordic.from.hr/

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