Event Studies and Outlier Returns: Symptoms, Consequences and Treatment
31 Pages Posted: 19 Aug 2019
Date Written: August 16, 2019
This paper makes specifics contributions in the methodology of event studies. First, it develops a financial econometrics framework for understanding, measuring and testing the impact of outlier returns on the estimated parameters of stock return models. Second, it presents a maximum likelihood robust estimation method that enables the decomposition of a firm’s stock returns into regular and outlier returns for the purpose of computing robust or outlier resistant CAR statistics. Third, it presents analytical results on how outliers in the estimation sample affect OLS-CAR statistics. Results based on extensive Monte Carlo and actual data simulations, depict that outliers in the estimation sample affect adversely and significantly the performance of the OLS-CAR statistics in event studies. Outliers, however, do not impair the forecasting ability of the robust-CAR statistics introduced in this paper.
Keywords: Multifactor stock return models, CAR-cumulative abnormal returns, outlier resistant estimators, Monte Carlo simulations
JEL Classification: C58, G12, G14, G34
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