Senescence of Alveolar Stem Cells Drives Progressive Pulmonary Fibrosis
54 Pages Posted: 16 Aug 2019 Sneak Peek Status: Review CompleteMore...
SummaryTissue fibrosis is a common pathological outcome of chronic disease that markedly impairs organ function leading to morbidity and mortality. In the lung, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is an insidious and fatal interstitial lung disease associated with declining pulmonary function. Here, we show that alveolar type 2 (AT2) stem cells isolated from IPF lung tissue exhibit characteristic transcriptomic features of cellular senescence with associated loss of SIN3A, a critical determinant of endodermal progenitor cell function in the developing lung. Conditional loss of Sin3a in adult mouse AT2 cells initiated a program of p53-dependent cellular senescence, AT2 cell depletion, and spontaneous, progressive pulmonary fibrosis. We establish that senescence rather than loss of epithelial stem cells serves as a proximal driver of Tgfβ activation and progressive fibrosis and show that either genetic or pharmacologic interventions targeting p53 activation, senescence, or downstream Tgfβ activation, block fibrogenesis.
Keywords: Fibrosis, IPF, Alveolar Type 2 cells, Cellular Senescence, Sin3a, p53, TGFβ
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