State Trading Deregulation and Prairie Durum Wheat Production
27 Pages Posted: 24 Aug 2019
Date Written: August 2019
We estimate the impact of the 2012 removal of the Canadian Wheat Board’s (CWB) single-desk on the spatial pattern of durum wheat acres in Western Canada. We analyze changes in durum seeded acres with a panel regression and Census Agricultural Region data from 2004–2016. Our results indicate that removal of the CWB single-desk had a significant impact on total durum production in Western Canada. In addition, we find that the spatial distribution of durum wheat acres shifted towards drier areas, an improvement in the efficiency of resource allocation.
Keywords: state trading enterprises, deregulation, agricultural regulation, comparative advantage
JEL Classification: L43, Q17, Q18, R12, R14
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