Crohn's Disease Mucosal Transcriptomes Highlight JAK/STAT Pathway Involvement in Postoperative Recurrence
36 Pages Posted: 22 Aug 2019More...
Background: Crohn's disease displays heterogeneity in terms of disease location, progression and response to treatment. Most patients require an intestinal resection due to complicated disease, and a majority of them will experience disease recurrence. We aimed to characterize biological pathways driving postoperative recurrence and to identify predictors which could guide therapeutic management.
Methods: In this multicentre prospective study, we conducted transcriptome analysis on ileal mucosa of CD patients undergoing ileocolonic resection. Samples were collected from the most inflamed part of the ileum (n=200), from the ileal resection margin (n=149) and in the neo-terminal ileum 6 months after surgery (n=122). The primary endpoint was postoperative endoscopic recurrence at month 6. We applied a regression model to identify gene signatures predicting for endoscopic recurrence.
Findings: Molecular patterns of early endoscopic recurrence significantly differed from those observed in chronic inflammation. Gene expression analysis of the inflamed area of the surgical specimens identified clusters of CD patients. However, pathway gene signatures at the ileal margin were superior to those of the inflamed area to predict postoperative outcome. Several pathways, including JAK/STAT signalling, cell adhesion molecules and extracellular matrix protein were associated with a higher risk of endoscopic recurrence. JAK/STAT pathway activation at the ileal margin predicted early postoperative endoscopic recurrence (AUC of 0*74) and was associated with a higher of clinical relapse on the long term. A significant increase of p-STAT3 levels at the ileal margin was associated with severe endoscopic recurrence (i3, i4) compared to no recurrence (i0) (p=0*02) and moderate recurrence (i1, i2) (p=0*04).
Interpretation: Gene expression analysis at the ileal margin of the surgical specimen may strongly predict postoperative outcome. The inflammatory processes associated with postoperative recurrence differ from those engaged in chronic inflammation. Activation of JAK/STAT signalling at the ileal margin of the surgical specimen is predictive of postoperative recurrence and should be specifically targeted.
Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT03458195).
Funding Statement: This work was supported by Helmsley Charitable Trust and the Institut national de santé et de la recherche biomedical (INSERM).
Declaration of Interests: SN received honoraria from MSD, Abbvie, Takeda, Janssen, HAC Pharma, Tillots, Ferring, and Novartis. BP received honoraria from AbbVie, MSD, Takeda, Janssen, Bioagaran, and Ferring. AB received honoraria from MSD, Abbvie, Ferring, Takeda, Vifor Pharma, Sanofi-Aventis, Hospira, and Janssen. XT received honoraria from Abbvie, MSD, Takeda, Ferring, Norgine, and Janssen. MF received honoraria from AbbVie, MSD, Takeda, Janssen, Pfizer, Ferring, and Boehringer. PS received honoraria from Takeda, MSD, Biocodex, Ferring and Abbvie and financial support from Takeda. MA received honoraria from Janssen, Takeda, Pfizer, MSD, Abbvie, Ferring, Amgen, Biogen, Celgene, and Genentech/Roche. All other authors have no conflict of interest regarding this study.
Ethics Approval Statement: All patients provided an informed written consent. The study was approved by AFFSAPS (IDRCB: 2009-A00205-52) and the French Ethic Committee (CPP 2009/17).
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