Manufacturing in Structural Change in Africa

36 Pages Posted: 21 Aug 2019

Date Written: August 20, 2019


This paper investigates the scale, causes, and timing of significant episodes of industrialization and deindustrialization in Sub-Saharan Africa. Recent studies have argued that the turning point of manufacturing output and employment shares tends to occur prematurely in this region. The analysis is performed using panel data methods for fractional responses and data from a variety of sources for a panel of 41 African countries. The results overwhelmingly do not support the common finding that Sub-Saharan African countries have begun to deindustrialize. Moreover, the study documents meaningful heterogeneity across Sub-Saharan Africa subregions, with the Southern region being the only subregion to have witnessed deindustrialization. However, this deindustrialization of the Southern subregion does not appear to be occurring prematurely. The study also explores the potential role of the Dutch disease and resource curse hypotheses in understanding Sub-Saharan Africa's manufacturing experience in resource rich countries.

Keywords: Textiles, Apparel & Leather Industry, Pulp & Paper Industry, Plastics & Rubber Industry, Food & Beverage Industry, Common Carriers Industry, Construction Industry, Business Cycles and Stabilization Policies, General Manufacturing, Economic Development, Industrial Economics, Economic Growth, Economic Theory & Research, Labor Markets, International Trade and Trade Rules

Suggested Citation

Nguimkeu, Pierre and Zeufack, Albert, Manufacturing in Structural Change in Africa (August 20, 2019). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 8992. Available at SSRN:

Pierre Nguimkeu (Contact Author)

Georgia State University ( email )

35 Broad Street
Atlanta, GA 30303-3083
United States

Albert Zeufack

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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