Water Consumption Monitoring System
4 Pages Posted: 26 Aug 2019 Last revised: 3 Sep 2019
Date Written: August 23, 2019
Water management is a big problem in many apartments, especially in cities like Mumbai, Bangalore, Chennai and Delhi. Indian cities are facing severe water crisis and this situation reaches its peak during summers. But still there are wastage of a good amount of water every day. Many apartment authorities have not still taken necessary steps to manage the water scarcity issues in their building. In apartments, there is no system to know the quantity of water consumed by each flat. They often divide total water bill equally a fixed amount for each flat. Water metering is the process of measuring water use through water meter and is one of the best ways to keep an account on the amount of water used in an apartment society. It provides an incentive for water conservation along with volumetric pricing. It helps the detection of water leaks in the distribution network which further provides a basis for the reduction of non-revenue water. The water supply can be ended if the residents are not present in their home. This system enables residence or owners to pay for the water they use rather than paying a fixed amount. The water consumption monitoring system contains an electronically controlled valve and micro controller with embedded hardware. The sensor provides a series of pulses which is proportional to the water flow through the valve. By measuring the number of pulses, we can estimate the volume of the water flowing through the valve. This information is displayed in LCD module and the number of liters consume each day is sent to the owner via GSM module. The primary function of the system is to monitor and manage domestic water consumption. The water consumption is monitored directly from the pulse output of a conventional water meter via a fully electronic probe. This ensures high accuracy, reliability, and long life.
Keywords: water flow sensor, GSM module, LCD
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