Measuring Retention of a Health Promotion Presentation Among Primary-School Children in Samoa
23 Pages Posted: 28 Aug 2019More...
Objective: Constructs within health behavior models were operationalized to produce baseline and follow-up measures to evaluate retention of the Rheumatic Relief rheumatic heart disease health promotion presentation among a sample of primary school-aged children in Samoa.
Methods: The ecological and social change models were used to develop the presentation. The health belief model was used to acquire baseline understanding. The long-term retention study used the RE-AIM theoretical model to measure presentation effectiveness, defined as 1- to 2-years post-participation.
Results: 292 children participated. Approximately 94% showed a strong understanding of correct behavior, and no change on the post-initial presentation questionnaire. 227 students participated in the retention portion, with 95% of students showing recall, and 93% responding correctly for appropriate behavior.
Discussion: Children had a good understanding of the role doctors and nurses play in their wellbeing and demonstrated high recall-rates associated with retention RR health promotion presentation.
Conclusion: Health behavior theoretical models proved useful in the development, implementation, and evaluation of the Rheumatic Relief education presentation among the primary school-aged children in Samoa.
Funding Statement: This research was funded by private donors through Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, USA.
Declaration of Interests: The authors declare no conflict of interest in preparing this manuscript.
Ethics Approval Statement: This study was approved by the institutional review board at Brigham Young University and the Samoan Ministry of Health.
Keywords: rheumatic heart disease, Health Belief Model, Social Change Model, RE-AIM Model
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