Internal Trade in Canada: Case for Liberalization
39 Pages Posted: 27 Aug 2019
Date Written: July 2019
This paper assesses the costs of internal trade barriers and proposes policies to improve internal trade. Estimates suggest that complete liberalization of internal trade in goods can increase GDP per capita by about 4 percent and reallocate employment towards provinces that experience large productivity gains from trade. The positive impact highlights the need for federal, provincial and territorial governments to work together to reduce internal trade barriers. There is significant scope to build on the new Canadian Free Trade Agreement to more explicitly identify key trade restrictions, resolve differences, and agree on cooperative solutions.
Keywords: International trade agreements, Total factor productivity, Bilateral trade, Comparative advantage, Patterns of trade, Internal trade, gains from trade, input-output linkages, Canada, trade cost, non-geographic, internal trade barrier, trade barrier
JEL Classification: F1, F4, R1, E01, F13, E2, O4
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation