The Governance of Security in Weak and Failing States
Dupont, B., Grabosky, P. & Shearing, C. 2004. The Governance of Security in Weak and Failing States. Criminal Justice: An International Journal of Policy and Practice, 3(4): 331-349.
Posted: 30 Jun 2021
Date Written: 2004
This article seeks to identify means of strengthening social control and conflict resolution in weak and failing states. It begins by discussing the governance of public security in stronger states, and identifies three basic forms of engagement between state and nonstate institutions that may contribute to the co-production of public security: coercion, sale and gift. The article then seeks to identify institutional arrangements that might be transplanted to those settings where conventional state institutions of security may be in decline, or non-existent. It also suggests how new institutions might be invented in settings where states may be dysfunctional or otherwise lacking in capacity. It develops a typology of security provision, including auspices that are public; public under private arrangements; collective or voluntary; private/national; private/international; and criminal. By identifying new mechanisms for the governance of security, it may be possible to arrest the deterioration of states, or at least provide for a modicum of internal security. The article concludes with a discussion of the Zwelethemba model of peacemaking and peacebuilding that is being developed in South Africa.
Keywords: capacity building, civil society, policing, private security, transnational institutions
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