The Governance of Security in Weak and Failing States

Dupont, B., Grabosky, P. & Shearing, C. 2004. The Governance of Security in Weak and Failing States. Criminal Justice: An International Journal of Policy and Practice, 3(4): 331-349.

Posted: 30 Jun 2021

See all articles by Benoit Dupont

Benoit Dupont

University of Montreal - School of Criminology

Peter Grabosky

School of Regulation & Global Governance (RegNet)

Clifford Shearing

Griffith Institute of Criminology; University of Cape Town; University of Montreal, School of Criminology; University of New South Wales

Date Written: 2004

Abstract

This article seeks to identify means of strengthening social control and conflict resolution in weak and failing states. It begins by discussing the governance of public security in stronger states, and identifies three basic forms of engagement between state and nonstate institutions that may contribute to the co-production of public security: coercion, sale and gift. The article then seeks to identify institutional arrangements that might be transplanted to those settings where conventional state institutions of security may be in decline, or non-existent. It also suggests how new institutions might be invented in settings where states may be dysfunctional or otherwise lacking in capacity. It develops a typology of security provision, including auspices that are public; public under private arrangements; collective or voluntary; private/national; private/international; and criminal. By identifying new mechanisms for the governance of security, it may be possible to arrest the deterioration of states, or at least provide for a modicum of internal security. The article concludes with a discussion of the Zwelethemba model of peacemaking and peacebuilding that is being developed in South Africa.

Keywords: capacity building, civil society, policing, private security, transnational institutions

Suggested Citation

Dupont, Benoit and Grabosky, Peter and Shearing, Clifford D, The Governance of Security in Weak and Failing States (2004). Dupont, B., Grabosky, P. & Shearing, C. 2004. The Governance of Security in Weak and Failing States. Criminal Justice: An International Journal of Policy and Practice, 3(4): 331-349., Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3443721

Benoit Dupont

University of Montreal - School of Criminology ( email )

CP 6128 Succursale Centre-ville
Montreal, QC H2P 2H4
Canada

HOME PAGE: http://www.benoitdupont.net

Peter Grabosky

School of Regulation & Global Governance (RegNet) ( email )

Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200
Australia

Clifford D Shearing (Contact Author)

Griffith Institute of Criminology ( email )

170 Kessels Road
Nathan, Queensland QLD 4111
Australia

HOME PAGE: http://https://experts.griffith.edu.au/academic/c.shearing

University of Cape Town ( email )

Private Bag X3
Rondebosch, Western Cape 7701
South Africa

HOME PAGE: http://www.publiclaw.uct.ac.za/pbl/staff/cshearing

University of Montreal, School of Criminology ( email )

C.P. 6128 succursale Centre-ville
Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7
Canada

University of New South Wales ( email )

Sydney
Australia

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