Secuestros (DCH) (Sequestration (DCH))

35 Pages Posted: 8 Oct 2019 Last revised: 15 Feb 2020

Date Written: October 3, 2019

Abstract

Spanish Abstract: El artículo trata sobre la figura del secuestro como una medida cautelar del proceso romano-canónico consistente en la entrega de un bien litigioso en manos de un tercero hasta la resolución del litigio. En el trabajo se analizan las características específicas del secuestro en el marco de las medidas cautelares, su finalidad y naturaleza jurídica, con sus diferencias con otras figuras afines (depósito ordinario, depósito judicial o “embargo” y arresto), su tipología, sujetos, régimen jurídico y objeto, así como sus causas de extinción. Un epígrafe final se dedica especialmente a la figura del secuestro de personas (arrestatio personarum), que en Indias tuvo una especial significación, en particular en relación con el depósito de mujeres como práctica tuitiva. El tema se conecta con el problema de la prisión como medida de seguridad (no como pena) y su tratamiento jurídico, en especial en el marco del proceso inquisitorial. El resultado del trabajo conduce a la conclusión de que el Derecho canónico indiano no se alejó apenas de la configuración del instituto en el ius commune y en el Derecho castellano.

English Abstract: This article is concerned with the topic of the sequestration (sequester) as a precautionary measure in the framework of the Roman and Canon judicial procedure, that is related to the delivery of some property under dispute to a third person until the lawsuit be solved. The article presents a study of the main features of the sequestration as a precautionary measure, its finality and legal nature, its differences with other related institutes (ordinary deposit, judicial deposit or seizure, and arrest), its typology, the persons and objects involved in it, its legal regulation, as well as the causes of extinction. A final paragraph is devoted to the figure of the sequestration of persons (arrestatio personarum), an institute which was quite relevant in the Indies, above all in relation to the deposit of women as a protective practice. The topic is connected with the problem of the prision as a security measure (not as a penalty) and its legal treatment, especially in the context of the Inquisition procedure. As a final conclusion, the article sustains that the rules of Canon law in the Indies were mainly similar to those of the ius commune and the Castilian law.

Note: Downloadable document is in Spanish.

Keywords: precautionary measures, juridical procedure, possession, seizure, arrest

Suggested Citation

Andrés Santos, Francisco Javier, Secuestros (DCH) (Sequestration (DCH)) (October 3, 2019). Max Planck Institute for European Legal History Research Paper Series No. 2019-21, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3444125 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3444125

Francisco Javier Andrés Santos (Contact Author)

University of Valladolid - Faculty of Law ( email )

47002 Valladolid
Spain

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