Determinator kao znak restriktivnosti / nerestriktivnosti relativne rečenice u hrvatskom jeziku (Determiner as an Indication of Restrictiveness / Unrestrictiveness of Relative Clauses in Croatian)

Croatica (ISSN 0070-1564) 23-24 (1993), 37-38-39; 151-166

16 Pages Posted: 6 Sep 2019

Date Written: June 2, 1993

Abstract

Serbo-Croatian Abstract: U članku se istražuje povezanost dvaju tipova odredbi unutar imeničke sintagme pri određivanju opsega referencije imeničkog pojma. Jedan tip odredbe je zamjenica koja stoji ispred imenice, a drugi tip odredbe je relativna ili odnosna rečenica koja stoji iza imenice. Ispituje se kakav utjecaj ima zamjenica da se relativna rečenica protumači kao odredba koja sužava opseg referencije imeničkog pojma (takva odredba naziva se restriktivna), odnosno kakav utjecaj ima da se relativna rečenica protumači kao odredba koja ne mijenja opseg referencije imeničkog pojma (takva odredba naziva se nerestriktivna). Restriktivnost ili nerestriktivnost relativne rečenice rezultat je uzajamnog djelovanja više različitih činilaca, među kojima i činioci pragmatičke prirode imaju značajnu ulogu. Pa ipak moguće je po važnosti izdvojiti ulogu formalnog konstituenta imeničke sintagme: analiza korpusa pokazuje da u velikom broju slučajeva postoji povezanost između prisutnosti neke zamjenice-determinatora u antecedentu i restriktivnosti ili nerestriktivnosti odnosne rečenice.

English Abstract: The paper deals with nominal phrases (NP) in Serbo-Croatian which contain a relative clause (RC). A typical RC takes the attributive function inside the NP. Apart from the attribute, NP always contains a unit functioning as a substantive and can contain a unit functioning as a determiner. All members of the NP can be put into these three functional classes (determiner, attribute, substantive) according to their function. The unmarked position of those elements in the NP is: Det - Sub - At=RC. As the attribute modifies the substantive restrictively or unrestrictively, the RC can be restrictive or unrestrictive. Although the restrictiveness/unrestrictiveness of the RC depends on many factors (and is a result of their mutual relation), among which pragmatic factors play an important role, some (formal) constituents of the NP can be taken as an indication for restrictiveness/unrestrictiveness of the RC. On the basis of a corpus gathered from newspapers, literature, administrative texts and scientific texts, the present paper points out a connection between a unit functioning as a determiner and restrictiveness vs. unrestrictiveness of the RC. Thus, if the demonstrative pronouns "onaj, takav, onakav" are determiners, RC will be restrictive. It is the same case if the definite pronouns "svi" or "svaki" are determiners. On the other hand, RC will be unrestrictive if the demonstrative pronouns "ovaj, taj" are determiners; if any possessive pronoun is a determiner; if the indefinite pronoun "neki" or the number "jedan" are determiners. In the above cases the restrictiveness/unrestrictiveness of the RC is predictable from the determiner.

Note: Downloadable document is in Serbo-Croatian.

Keywords: syntax, semantics, pragmatics, relative clause, pronouns, restrictive clauses, non-restrictive clauses, attribute, deixis, anaphora, cataphora, corpus analysis, functional styles, Croatian, Serbo-Croatian

Suggested Citation

Kordić, Snježana, Determinator kao znak restriktivnosti / nerestriktivnosti relativne rečenice u hrvatskom jeziku (Determiner as an Indication of Restrictiveness / Unrestrictiveness of Relative Clauses in Croatian) (June 2, 1993). Croatica (ISSN 0070-1564) 23-24 (1993), 37-38-39; 151-166. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3444702

Snježana Kordić (Contact Author)

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HOME PAGE: http://snjezana-kordic.from.hr/

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