Transformacijsko-generativni pristup jeziku u 'Sintaktičkim strukturama' i 'Aspektima teorije sintakse' Noama Chomskog (Transformational-Generative Approach to Language in 'Syntactic Structures' and 'Aspects of the Theory of Syntax' of Noam Chomsky)

Sol (ISSN 0352-8715) 6 (1991), 12-13; 103-112

10 Pages Posted: 6 Sep 2019

Date Written: August 9, 1991

Abstract

Serbo-Croatian Abstract: Nekoliko godina u 20. stoljeću dobilo je epitet revolucionarnih za lingvistiku. Jedna od njih je godina kada se pojavila knjiga u kojoj je Noam Chomsky iznio svoje poglede na lingvističku teoriju i otpočeo s razvojem nove, transformacijsko-generativne gramatike (TGG). Čime je i u kojoj mjeri TGG zaslužila pridjev "nova", pokazuje se u ovome članku tako što se kao prvo stavlja TGG u strukturalistički kontekst da bi se vidjelo iskače li uistinu iz njega. Drugo, pruža se pregled metodologije kojom TGG pristupa gramatičkom opisu. Treće, prikazuje se filozofska pozadina koju Noam Chomsky uzima kao osnovu za svoja lingvistička istraživanja.

English Abstract: The year 1957 was called revolutionary for linguistics because Noam Chomsky's book "Syntactic Structures" appeared. Dissatisfied with structuralism, N. Chomsky introduced a new theory and new methods for describing language. It was the beginning of the transformational-generative (TGG) approach to linguistic description, which influenced new trends in linguistics. Inspite of its revolutionary character, TGG is connected with structuralism so we can say that TGG complements structuralism in a way, which is shown in this paper along with generative models for describing language: finite-state grammar, phrase-structure grammar and transformational grammar. Philosophical background of TGG is sketched, too.

Note: Downloadable document is in Serbo-Croatian.

Keywords: Syntax, Transformational-Generative Grammar, Noam Chomsky, Linguistic Theory

Suggested Citation

Kordić, Snježana, Transformacijsko-generativni pristup jeziku u 'Sintaktičkim strukturama' i 'Aspektima teorije sintakse' Noama Chomskog (Transformational-Generative Approach to Language in 'Syntactic Structures' and 'Aspects of the Theory of Syntax' of Noam Chomsky) (August 9, 1991). Sol (ISSN 0352-8715) 6 (1991), 12-13; 103-112, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3445224

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