Building a Junior Stock Exchange: Lessons from China
27 Pages Posted: 6 Sep 2019
Date Written: August 30, 2019
China established its own junior stock exchange, the National Equities Exchange and Quotations (NEEQ), to solve the financial constraints of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in 2013. Its short history has witnessed a combination of a hot initial listing market on the one hand and actively delisted firms on the other hand, which is puzzling. We argue in this paper that the hot listing market is the result of removing entry restrictions and governmental subsidies. In contrast, the delisting decisions are based on a comparison of the costs and benefits of maintaining the listing status. Though the secondary market is highly illiquid due to intentional institutional restrictions, quoted firms can obtain external finance, which is highly valuable considering the financial repression policy adopted by China. However, because a large percentage of the quoted firms are SMEs, the direct listing costs, whose absolute amount is relatively low, are significant. In addition, to protect investors, the enforcement actions of NEEQ also impose significant indirect costs on quoted firms.
Keywords: National Equities Exchange and Quotations; Junior stock exchange; Entry regulation; External finance
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