Mergers, Product Prices, and Innovation: Evidence from the Pharmaceutical Industry
Journal of Finance, forthcoming
69 Pages Posted: 7 Sep 2019 Last revised: 26 Jun 2023
Date Written: March 15, 2019
Using novel data from the pharmaceutical industry, we study product prices and innovation around mergers. Exploiting within-deal variation in product market consolidation, we show prices increase more within drugs in consolidating markets than within matched control drugs. Estimates indicate a 2% average price effect that persists for about one year. Price increases expand with acquirer-target product similarity and are more pronounced within less competitive product markets with fewer players and no generic competition. Examination of trade-offs reveals these deals generate significant shareholder value. They also spur labeling and other manufacturing-related innovation, but not the creation of new drugs.
Keywords: Mergers and acquisitions, product market competition, innovation, pharmaceuticals
JEL Classification: G30, G34, O30, L11
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation