Violent Conflict Exposure in Nigeria and Economic Welfare

48 Pages Posted: 4 Sep 2019

See all articles by John Chiwuzulum Odozi

John Chiwuzulum Odozi

Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo, Nigeria

Ruth Uwaifo Oyelere

Morehouse College; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

Several papers have attempted to estimate and document the impact of conflict on several education, health and socioeconomic outcomes. One lesson from the past research is the heterogeneity in the effect of violent conflict across and within countries. In this paper we attempt to estimate the casual impact of conflict in Nigeria on welfare related outcomes. The 2009 insurgence of Boko Haram and the Fulani herdsmen versus farmers conflicts have led to a significant increase in violent conflict in the North Eastern and Central parts of Nigeria. However, bouts of violent conflict have existed in different communities across the country since independence. We estimate the average effect of violent conflict exposure on welfare, across Nigeria using the three waves of the Nigerian General Household Survey (GHS) panel combined with The Armed Conflict Location & Event Data (ACLED). Employing a fixed effect approach, our results suggest that recent and long term exposure to conflict increased the incidence, intensity and severity of poverty in Nigeria. In addition we find that exposure to violent conflict also decreased household income.

Keywords: violence, Nigeria, conflict, Boko Haram, economic welfare, poverty

JEL Classification: I10, I30, O1, D74

Suggested Citation

Odozi, John Chiwuzulum and Uwaifo Oyelere, Ruth, Violent Conflict Exposure in Nigeria and Economic Welfare. IZA Discussion Paper No. 12570, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3445836 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3445836

John Chiwuzulum Odozi (Contact Author)

Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo, Nigeria

Ruth Uwaifo Oyelere

Morehouse College ( email )

Department of Economics
Atlanta, GA 30332
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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