The Politics of Defection
9 Pages Posted: 11 Sep 2019 Last revised: 25 Mar 2021
Date Written: August 31, 2019
With evolution of multi-party system came the defection in Indian Parliamentary system. Political defections deceive the mandate of the electorate, the fundamentals of a party system and lead to political instability in the country. The phenomena of anti-defection became popular in 1967 with a popular phase “aaya ram gaya ram” when Haryana MLA Gaya Lal changed his party thrice within the same day. To restrain the uncertainties and protect political parties’ strength of shared beliefs in 1985 by the way of 52nd amendment bill, tenth schedule was introduced popularly known as “Anti-defection law”. Political parties are organized and founded on ideology and principles and on the basis of that strives to achieve power, however when the only motive becomes the power with no ideology or principles, no conscience, no restraint then the hunger for the power becomes threat to democracy. Ironically, politicians swore against the politics of defection- those very people indulge in it. The paper seeks to answer the question of evolution of defection laws, whether the solution is actually curbing the defection, whether the laws have caused the death of parliamentary dissent.
Keywords: Anti-Defection, Constitution, Parliamentary Dissent
JEL Classification: K 10
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation