The Politics of Defection

9 Pages Posted: 11 Sep 2019 Last revised: 25 Mar 2021

See all articles by Palak Mehta

Palak Mehta

Karnavati University, United World School of Law, Students

Date Written: August 31, 2019


With evolution of multi-party system came the defection in Indian Parliamentary system. Political defections deceive the mandate of the electorate, the fundamentals of a party system and lead to political instability in the country. The phenomena of anti-defection became popular in 1967 with a popular phase “aaya ram gaya ram” when Haryana MLA Gaya Lal changed his party thrice within the same day. To restrain the uncertainties and protect political parties’ strength of shared beliefs in 1985 by the way of 52nd amendment bill, tenth schedule was introduced popularly known as “Anti-defection law”. Political parties are organized and founded on ideology and principles and on the basis of that strives to achieve power, however when the only motive becomes the power with no ideology or principles, no conscience, no restraint then the hunger for the power becomes threat to democracy. Ironically, politicians swore against the politics of defection- those very people indulge in it. The paper seeks to answer the question of evolution of defection laws, whether the solution is actually curbing the defection, whether the laws have caused the death of parliamentary dissent.

Keywords: Anti-Defection, Constitution, Parliamentary Dissent

JEL Classification: K 10

Suggested Citation

Mehta, Palak, The Politics of Defection (August 31, 2019). Available at SSRN: or

Palak Mehta (Contact Author)

Karnavati University, United World School of Law, Students ( email )

9586973718 (Phone)

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