Bank-Platform Competition in the Credit Market
60 Pages Posted: 7 Sep 2019 Last revised: 11 Sep 2019
Date Written: September 2, 2019
The paper analyzes the equilibrium on the credit market when a bank and a platform compete to offer credit to borrowers. The platform does not manage deposit accounts, but acts as an intermediary between the borrower and the investor, offering a risky contract such that the investor is only reimbursed if the borrower is successful. We first characterize the optimal contracts proposed by the platform, depending on the two-sided structure of the market. Then, we study the impact of bank-platform competition on the average risk of bank loans and the relative level of interest rates. We derive the conditions on the lending and the deposit markets such that the bank accomodates platform entry.
Keywords: Bank, Platform, Credit Market, Credit Rationing
JEL Classification: L1, L5, G2
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation