Turismo in Italia: numeri e potenziale di sviluppo [Tourism in Italy: Figures and Potential for Development]

113 Pages Posted: 3 Sep 2019

See all articles by Andrea Petrella

Andrea Petrella

Bank of Italy

Roberto Torrini

Bank of Italy

Guglielmo Barone

Bank of Italy

Enrico Beretta

Bank of Italy

Emanuele Breda

Bank of Italy

Rita Cappariello

Bank of Italy

Giuseppe Ciaccio

Bank of Italy

Laura Conti

Bank of Italy

Francesco David

Bank of Italy

Petra Degasperi

Bank of Italy

Angela di Gioia

Bank of Italy

Alberto Felettigh

Bank of Italy

Andrea Filippone

Bank of Italy

Giovanna Firpo

Bank of Italy

Massimo Gallo

Bank of Italy

Paolo Guaitini

Bank of Italy

Giulio Papini

Bank of Italy

Patrizia Passiglia

Bank of Italy

Fabio Quintiliani

Bank of Italy

Giacomo Roma

Bank of Italy

Valentina Romano

Bank of Italy

Diego Scalise

Bank of Italy

Date Written: July 18, 2019

Abstract

Italian Abstract:
Il lavoro analizza le principali tendenze e le caratteristiche strutturali del settore del turismo in Italia, a cui sono riconducibili oltre il 5 per cento del PIL e oltre il 6 per cento dell’occupazione del Paese. Si mostra come negli anni più recenti il sistema turistico nazionale abbia conseguito buoni risultati di crescita, sostenuti da una domanda internazionale di servizi turistici in rapida espansione e dal vantaggio competitivo di un patrimonio artistico e culturale con pochi eguali al mondo. A ciò si sono accompagnati una ricomposizione dell’offerta alberghiera verso strutture di maggiore qualità e un ampliamento dell’offerta extra-alberghiera, sostenuto anche dalla diffusione della sharing economy e dei canali di intermediazione online. Si evidenziano però potenzialità turistiche ancora inespresse – soprattutto nel Mezzogiorno, dove il settore appare ancora relativamente sottodimensionato – e possibili rischi associati alla crescente concentrazione dei flussi turistici in un numero ristretto di località. Anche per far fronte a queste criticità, si argomenta l’auspicabilità di un coordinamento nazionale delle politiche turistiche, capace di fornire delle linee d’indirizzo stabili nel tempo.

English Abstract:
[The paper analyses the main trends and structural characteristics of the Italian tourism sector, which accounts for more than 5% of GDP and more than 6% of employment in the country. The study shows that in recent years the national tourist system has recorded a good growth performance, boosted by rapidly-expanding international demand for tourism services and by the competitive advantage of a unique artistic and cultural heritage. This has been associated with an upgrading of hotel accommodation in favour of higher-quality structures, and with an expansion of the non-hotel segment, partly fostered by the spread of the sharing economy and online intermediation. It is apparent, however, that some tourism potential still needs to be exploited – especially in Southern Italy, where the sector seems relatively undersized – and that potential risks are associated with the growing concentration of tourist flows in few locations. In order to cope with these problems, the paper argues that there should be a nationwide coordination of tourism policies, providing stable guidelines for the sector.]

Keywords: tourism, artistic and cultural heritage, accommodation capacity, tourism policies

JEL Classification: F14, L83, Z10, Z30

Suggested Citation

Petrella, Andrea and Torrini, Roberto and Barone, Guglielmo and Beretta, Enrico and Breda, Emanuele and Cappariello, Rita and Ciaccio, Giuseppe and Conti, Laura and David, Francesco and Degasperi, Petra and di Gioia, Angela and Felettigh, Alberto and Filippone, Andrea and Firpo, Giovanna and Gallo, Massimo and Guaitini, Paolo and Papini, Giulio and Passiglia, Patrizia and Quintiliani, Fabio and Roma, Giacomo and Romano, Valentina and Scalise, Diego, Turismo in Italia: numeri e potenziale di sviluppo [Tourism in Italy: Figures and Potential for Development] (July 18, 2019). Bank of Italy Occasional Paper No. 505. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3446768 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3446768

Andrea Petrella (Contact Author)

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Roberto Torrini

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Guglielmo Barone

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Enrico Beretta

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Emanuele Breda

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Rita Cappariello

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Giuseppe Ciaccio

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Laura Conti

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Francesco David

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Petra Degasperi

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Angela Di Gioia

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Alberto Felettigh

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Andrea Filippone

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Giovanna Firpo

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Massimo Gallo

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale, 91
Roma, 00184
Italy

Paolo Guaitini

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Giulio Papini

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Patrizia Passiglia

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Fabio Quintiliani

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Giacomo Roma

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Valentina Romano

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Diego Scalise

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

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