Climate change adaptation and the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF): Qualitative insights from policy implementation in the Asia-Pacific

Climatic Change (2017) 140:209–226

18 Pages Posted: 6 Sep 2019

See all articles by Benjamin K. Sovacool

Benjamin K. Sovacool

Science Policy Research Unit; Department of Business Technology & Development

Björn-Ola Linnér

Linkoping University

Richard J. T. Klein

Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI)

Date Written: September 3, 2017

Abstract

Least developed countries often lack the requisite capacity to implement climate change adaptation projects. The Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF) is a scheme where industrialized countries have (as of early 2016) disbursed $934.5 million in voluntary contributions, raised more than four times that amount in co-financing, and supported 213 adaptation projects across 51 least developed countries. But what sorts of challenges have arisen during implementation? Based on extensive field research in five least developed countries—Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, the Maldives, and Vanuatu—and original data collected from almost 150 research interviews, this article qualitatively explores both the benefits and challenges of LDCF projects in the Asia-Pacific. It finds that while LDCF projects do contribute to enhancing multiple types of infrastructural, institutional, and community-based adaptive capacity, they also suffer from uncertainty, a convoluted management structure, and an inability to fully respond to climate risks. Based on these findings, the study concludes that adaptation must be pursued as a multidimensional process; and that LDCF activities have tended to promote marginal rather than more radical or systematic transformations.

Keywords: Climate Change Adaptation, Adaptive Capacity, Resilience, Vulnerability

JEL Classification: O33

Suggested Citation

Sovacool, Benjamin K. and Linnér, Björn-Ola and Klein, Richard J.T., Climate change adaptation and the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF): Qualitative insights from policy implementation in the Asia-Pacific (September 3, 2017). Climatic Change (2017) 140:209–226. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3447316

Benjamin K. Sovacool (Contact Author)

Science Policy Research Unit ( email )

Falmer, Brighton BN1 9SL
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.sussex.ac.uk/profiles/373957

Department of Business Technology & Development ( email )

Nordre Ringgade 1
Aarhus C, DK-8000
Denmark

HOME PAGE: http://pure.au.dk/portal/en/persons/id(fca10105-c4eb-4f0f-99a7-a354a8a8a47a).html

Björn-Ola Linnér

Linkoping University ( email )

Överstegatan 30
Linkoping, 581 83
Sweden

Richard J.T. Klein

Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) ( email )

11 Curtis Avenue
Somerville, MA 02144-1224
Sweden

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