The Cross-Section of Investment and Profitability: Implications for Asset Pricing
55 Pages Posted: 24 Sep 2019 Last revised: 15 Jun 2022
Date Written: June 14, 2021
Asset pricing predictions from the investment CAPM depend on the cross-sectional relation between investment and profitability. In samples of U.S. stocks featuring high cross-sectional investment-profitability correlation, both investment and profitability premiums are weak. Consistent with the conditional predictions from the investment CAPM, triple sorts on size, investment, and profitability as in Hou, Xue, and Zhang (2015)’s q-factors resurrect the premiums in the high-correlation samples. We find similar results using cash-based profitability, consistent with the dynamic investment CAPM. Our work has important implications for constructing asset pricing factors and interpreting out-of-sample asset pricing test results, in particular the insignificance of historical investment and profitability premiums.
Keywords: Investment CAPM; Cross-Section of Stock Returns; q-Factors; Investment Premium; Profitability Premium; Out-of-Sample Test.
JEL Classification: G10, G12, G31, D92
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation