Organic Solar Cells Based on Non-Fullerene Small-Molecule Acceptors: Impact of Substituent Position
65 Pages Posted: 5 Sep 2019 Sneak Peek Status: PublishedMore...
Molecular engineering of non-fullerene small-molecule acceptors (SMAs) plays a key role in enhancing the performance of organic solar cells. An effective strategy is to introduce functional groups into SMA end-groups to tune the electronic and morphological properties of polymer/SMA blends. Here, molecular dynamics simulations and long-range corrected density functional theory calculations are combined to examine the impact of the position of methoxy substitution in the SMA end-groups. As representative systems, blends of the IT-OM small-molecule acceptor with the PBDB-T polymer donor are explored; three different positions of the methoxy substitution of the IT-OM end-groups are examined. By considering intermolecular mixing and packing, the energetic distribution of the charge-transfer electronic states, the exciton dissociation and nonradiative recombination processes, and the electron-transfer rates among adjacent acceptors, we provide a comprehensive molecular-scale rationalization of the significant experimental variations in device performance for PBDB-T/IT-OM-based solar cells as a function of methoxy position.
Keywords: organic solar cells, non-fullerene small-molecule acceptors, molecular dynamics simulations, density functional theory calculations, morphology, intermolecular packing, charge-transfer states, exciton dissociation, nonradiative recombination, voltage loss
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