Autonomous Vessels: State of the Art and Potential Opportunities in Logistics

44 Pages Posted: 5 Sep 2019

See all articles by Yewen Gu

Yewen Gu

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Business and Management Science

Julio Góez

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Business and Management Science

Mario Guajardo

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Business and Management Science

Stein W. Wallace

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Business and Management Science

Date Written: July 1, 2019

Abstract

The growth in technology on autonomous transportation systems is currently motivating a number of research initiatives. This paper first presents a survey of the literature on autonomous marine vessels in general. By identifying the main research interests in this field, we define nine thematic categories. The collected articles are then classified according to these categories. We show that research on autonomous vessels has increased dramatically in the past decade. However, most of the published articles have focused on navigation control and safety issues. Studies regarding other topics, such as transport and logistics, are very limited. While our main interest is the literature on autonomous vessels, we contrast its development with respect to the literature on autonomous cars so as to have a better understanding about the future potentials in the research on autonomous vessels. The comparison shows that there are great opportunities for research about transportation and logistics with autonomous vessels. Finally, several potential research areas regarding logistics with autonomous vessels are proposed. As the technology behind remote-controlled or autonomous ships is maturing rapidly, we believe that it is already time for researchers in the field to start looking into future water-borne transport and logistics using autonomous vessels.

Keywords: Autonomous Ship, Autonomous Surface Vehicle, Unmanned Surface Vehicle, Survey

JEL Classification: C44, C60, Q50, Q53

Suggested Citation

Gu, Yewen and Góez, Julio and Guajardo, Mario and Wallace, Stein W., Autonomous Vessels: State of the Art and Potential Opportunities in Logistics (July 1, 2019). NHH Dept. of Business and Management Science Discussion Paper No. 2019/6. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3448420 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3448420

Yewen Gu (Contact Author)

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Business and Management Science ( email )

Helleveien 30
Bergen, NO-5045
Norway

Julio Góez

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Business and Management Science ( email )

Helleveien 30
Bergen, NO-5045
Norway

Mario Guajardo

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Business and Management Science ( email )

Helleveien 30
Bergen, NO-5045
Norway

Stein W. Wallace

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Business and Management Science ( email )

Helleveien 30
Bergen, NO-5045
Norway

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