Inconsistencies Signals from the Declared Patrimony of Politicians in Brazil: Application of Newcomb-Benford Law
22 Pages Posted: 14 Sep 2019
Date Written: September 5, 2019
Goal: This research aims to seek evidence of inconsistencies or signs of fraud or other financial crimes in the assets declared by candidates for political office by applying the Newcomb-Benford Law (NB).
Theoretical foundation: The mainly empirical research is based on the ability of asset information to be useful to the analysis of economic and financial facts as well as in the NB Law capacity signal potential distortions in the statement of assets, considering the observed distribution and the expected.
Method: Law applies to NB, in relation to the first digit values of goods, compared with the distribution observed distribution expected from statistical tests and indicators (Nigrini, 2012). In the second stage, the digits are analyzed by differing relevance and the amount of deviation value (Bugarin & Cunha, 2015). The application of the criteria set by the NB and the average deviation identifies the items of potentially inconsistent declared goods.
Results: The first digit analysis identified six discrepant digits, two of which differ in quantities exceeding the waiting. In detail, after application of the methods, these digits it identified assets potentially inconsistent first digit values, including cash declared in cash in foreign and national currency, as a typical estate use in money laundering.
Contributions: search results demonstrate the application of the utility of NB Law to control agencies in the search for evidence of goods with potentially inconsistent or fraudulent values, and advances beyond the indication of convergence to NB to reveal the different items within the sample.
Keywords: Newcomb-Benford law; Fraud; elections; Cash
JEL Classification: C40, C50, C60, C80
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation