Trade Attitudes in Latin America: Evidence from a Multi-Country Survey Experiment

54 Pages Posted: 13 Sep 2019

See all articles by Marisol Rodriguez Chatruc

Marisol Rodriguez Chatruc

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

Ernesto Stein

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

Razvan Vlaicu

Inter-American Development Bank; University of Maryland

Date Written: September 4, 2019

Abstract

This paper examines individual-level support for trade, relates it to beliefs about trade, and measures its sensitivity to positive and negative framing. The data comes from the 2018 Latinobarometro survey of eighteen countries, in which we embed a survey experiment to study framing effects. We find that respondents are generally favorable to increased trade with other countries, based on perceived positive impacts on employment and consumption. Support for trade is unaffected by consumption benefits framing, but is highly sensitive downward to employment loss framing. Positive framing does shift upward respondent beliefs that trade reduces consumption prices, but also raises concerns about low wages. Negative framing substantially weakens the prevailing beliefs that trade is associated with higher employment, and there is no offsetting effect on the consumption side. Trade attitudes reflect behavioral patterns but also display variation across education levels consistent with traditional skill-based theories of trade.

Suggested Citation

Rodriguez Chatruc, Marisol and Stein, Ernesto Hugo and Vlaicu, Razvan, Trade Attitudes in Latin America: Evidence from a Multi-Country Survey Experiment (September 4, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3448577 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3448577

Marisol Rodriguez Chatruc

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) ( email )

1300 New York Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20577
United States

Ernesto Hugo Stein

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) ( email )

1300 New York Avenue, NW
Research Department
Washington, DC 20577
United States

Razvan Vlaicu (Contact Author)

Inter-American Development Bank ( email )

1300 New York Ave NW
Washington, DC 20577
United States

University of Maryland ( email )

3114 Tydings Hall
College Park, MD 20742
United States

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