Reporting Regulation and Corporate Innovation
91 Pages Posted: 17 Sep 2019 Last revised: 24 Dec 2020
Date Written: August 26, 2020
We investigate the impact of reporting regulation on corporate innovation. Exploiting thresholds in Europe’s regulation and a major enforcement reform in Germany, we find that forcing firms to publicly disclose their financial statements discourages innovative activities. Our evidence suggests that reporting regulation has significant real effects by imposing proprietary costs on innovative firms, which in turn diminish their incentives to innovate. At the industry level, positive information spillovers (e.g., to competitors, suppliers, and customers) appear insufficient to compensate the negative direct effect on the prevalence of innovative activity. The spillovers instead appear to concentrate innovation among a few large firms in a given industry. Thus, financial reporting regulation has important aggregate and distributional effects on corporate innovation.
Keywords: Financial Reporting, Disclosure, Regulation, Innovation, Patents, Growth
JEL Classification: K22, L51, M41, M42, M48, O43, O47
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation