支配的异质性 [The Heterogeneity of Domination]
外国哲学 [Foreign Philosophy], Vol. 20 (2009), pp. 46-60
15 Pages Posted: 3 Oct 2019
Date Written: December 1, 2006
Chinese Abstract: 菲利普·佩蒂特“自由即无支配”的共和主义自由观预设了“支配”的特定性质。在他给出的三个条件中，各种形式的支配尽管强度与广度有别，其性质却完全相同。支配的这种“同质性”令佩蒂特得以将所有的支配案例等同于奴隶制，从而论证“支配”相对于“干预”的优先性。
English Abstract: Philip Pettit’s republican conception of freedom as non-domination relies on an assumption about the nature of domination. All forms of domination defined in his three clauses are supposed to have the same nature, despite their variation in intensity and extent. The homogeneity of domination allows Pettit to equate all cases of domination with slavery, arguing for the priority of domination as such to interference.
The homogeneity assumption is falsified, however, by contrasting Pettit’s definition of domination with its counterpart in the Roman law. Based on the entry condition and the exit condition explicated from the Roman law, we can distinguish between two, rather heterogeneous sorts of domination: domination as option, and domination as predicament. This heterogeneity of domination leads us to reconsider the validity of the republican claim that domination should always take precedence over interference.
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