NAD+ Regeneration Rescues Lifespan But Not Ataxia in a Mouse Model of Brain Mitochondrial Complex I Dysfunction
24 Pages Posted: 16 Sep 2019 Sneak Peek Status: Review CompleteMore...
Mitochondrial complex I regenerates NAD+ and proton pumps for TCA cycle function and ATP production, respectively. Mitochondrial complex I dysfunction has been implicated in many brain pathologies including Leigh Syndrome and Parkinson’s disease. We sought to determine whether NAD+ regeneration or proton pumping is the dominant function of mitochondrial complex I in protection from brain pathology. We generated a mouse that conditionally expresses the yeast NDI1 protein, a single enzyme that can replace the NAD+ regeneration capability of the 45-subunit mammalian mitochondrial complex I without proton pumping. NDI1 expression was sufficient to dramatically prolong lifespan without significantly improving motor function in a mouse model of Leigh Syndrome. Therefore, complex I activity in the brain supports organismal survival through its NAD+ regeneration capacity while optimal motor control requires the bioenergetic function of mitochondrial complex I.
Keywords: Mitochondria, neurodegeneration, NAD
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