Identity Salience and the Influence of Differential Activation of the Social Self-Schema on Advertising Response
Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol 87, No. 6, pp. 1086-1099, December 2002
46 Pages Posted: 1 Nov 2002 Last revised: 5 Apr 2012
This paper examines how identity primes and social distinctiveness influence identity salience (i.e., the activation of a social identity within an individual's social self-schema) and subsequent responses to targeted advertising. Across two studies, individuals who were exposed to an identity prime (an ad element that directs attention to the individual's social identity) and who were socially distinctive (minorities in the immediate social context) expressed systematically different evaluations of spokespersons and the advertisements that featured them. Specifically, Asian (Caucasian) participants responded most positively (negatively) to Asian spokespeople and Asian-targeted advertising when the participants were both primed and socially distinctive. No main effects of identity primes or social distinctiveness were found. The implications of these findings for identity theory, advertising practice and intervention communications are discussed.
Keywords: advertising, ethnic marketing, social identity
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