Problem-Based Learning Strategy in Upper Basic Two and Science Students’ Cognitive Load in Makurdi, Nigeria

INTERNATIONAL CENTRE FOR SCIENCE, HUMANITIES AND EDUCATION RESEARCH JOURNAL (ICSHERJ), VOL. 4 NO. 2, 92-99 (2019)

9 Pages Posted: 24 Sep 2019

See all articles by Anna Agbidye

Anna Agbidye

Benue State University

Emmanuel Edoja Achor

Benue State University

Josiah Ogbeba

Benue State University - Department of Curriculum and Teaching

Date Written: June 30, 2019

Abstract

This study investigated the effects of Problem-Based Learning strategy on upper basic II science students’ cognitive load in Makurdi metropolis of Benue State, Nigeria. The study also determined the influence of gender on cognitive load when Problem - Based Learning strategy is used for instruction. Two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. A quasi experimental design of post test only was adopted for the study. A total of 80 upper Basic II students from two secondary schools in Makurdi metropolis selected using multi stage sampling technique constituted the sample. Cognitive Load Rating Scale (CLRS) developed by the researchers and validated was used for data collection. The reliability coefficient of the instrument was established using Cronbach’s alpha which was found to be 0.86. The data collected were analysed using mean, standard deviation and t-test. The study revealed that students in the experimental group expended lower cognitive load in all the concepts taught in Basic Science than their counter parts, who were taught using conventional lecture method P=0.000 <0.05. The study showed no gender disparity in mean cognitive load when male and female students were exposed to Problem-Based Learning strategy P=0.599>0.05. Based on these findings the study recommended among other things that Basic Science teachers should be encouraged to use Problem-Based Learning teaching strategy as a medium of instruction since it can reduce cognitive load of the students in Basic Science.

Keywords: problem-based learning strategy; cognitive load; Basic Science; gender

JEL Classification: ICSHER JOURNAL Vol. 4, No. 2 JUNE, 2019

Suggested Citation

Agbidye, Anna and Achor, Emmanuel Edoja and Ogbeba, Josiah, Problem-Based Learning Strategy in Upper Basic Two and Science Students’ Cognitive Load in Makurdi, Nigeria (June 30, 2019). INTERNATIONAL CENTRE FOR SCIENCE, HUMANITIES AND EDUCATION RESEARCH JOURNAL (ICSHERJ), VOL. 4 NO. 2, 92-99 (2019), Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3453693

Anna Agbidye

Benue State University ( email )

Along Gboko Rd, P.M.B.102119 Makurdi-Gboko Rd
Makurdi, 97001
Nigeria

Emmanuel Edoja Achor (Contact Author)

Benue State University ( email )

Department of Science and Mathematics Education
Makurdi, 97001
Nigeria
+2348035157702 (Phone)

Josiah Ogbeba

Benue State University - Department of Curriculum and Teaching ( email )

Km 1, Gboko Road
Makurdi, Benue State
Nigeria

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