China Weather, 1912-49: Data Rescue
20 Pages Posted: 25 Sep 2019 Last revised: 1 Oct 2019
Date Written: September 16, 2019
Systematic data on Chinese weather prior to 1949 is very sparse. Such data is important to better understand both long-term regional climate variability and the social and economic consequences of weather shocks. Here, we compile 463,025 instrumental observations of daily temperature, precipitation, and sunshine at up to 330 sites in China during the Nationalist era, 1912-49. The principal sources are monthly reports of the Institute of Meteorology, Nanjing, North China Meteorological Section of the Japanese Army, and observatories in Japanese-occupied Manchuria. This new dataset provides a valuable dataset for scientific and academic research.
Keywords: Meteorology, China, Data rescue
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