Lost in Transition? The Persistence of Dictatorship Mayors

44 Pages Posted: 1 Oct 2019

See all articles by Felipe González

Felipe González

Pontifical Catholic University of Chile - Institute of Economics

Pablo Munoz

University of California, Berkeley - Department of Economics

Mounu Prem

Universidad del Rosario

Date Written: September 19, 2019

Abstract

Dictatorships can affect the functioning of new democracies but the mechanisms are poorly understood. We study the Pinochet dictatorship in Chile using new data and provide two findings. First, mayors appointed by Pinochet obtained a nine percentage point vote premium in the first local election in democracy. This premium is explained by an incumbency advantage and by an increase in local spending during the transition. Second, dictatorship mayors increased the vote share of right-wing political parties in democracy. We conclude that the dictatorship won "hearts and minds" before the transition and successfully maintained part of their political power.

Keywords: politicians, dictatorship, democracy

JEL Classification: D2, G2, G3, M2

Suggested Citation

González, Felipe and Munoz, Pablo and Prem, Mounu, Lost in Transition? The Persistence of Dictatorship Mayors (September 19, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3456949 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3456949

Felipe González

Pontifical Catholic University of Chile - Institute of Economics ( email )

Casilla 76
Correo 17
Santiago
Chile

Pablo Munoz

University of California, Berkeley - Department of Economics ( email )

579 Evans Hall
Berkeley, CA 94709
United States

Mounu Prem (Contact Author)

Universidad del Rosario ( email )

Casa Pedro Fermín
Calle 14 # 4-69
Bogota
Colombia

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