A Global Map of Amenities: Public Goods, Ethnic Divisions and Decentralization

49 Pages Posted: 1 Oct 2019

See all articles by André Seidel

André Seidel

University of Bergen, Department of Economics

Date Written: September 20, 2019

Abstract

This paper presents a new global dataset on the geocode locations of public amenities, e.g., schools, hospitals or libraries, based on OpenStreetMap data. Volunteered geocoded information can be systematically incomplete; therefore, we develop and study two new proxies for the degree of completeness of OSM data in first-level administrative regions. Using our new data, we study the effects of decentralization and ethnic divisions on the provision of public amenities associated with various public goods. We find strong evidence for the existence of collective action failure at the subnational level worldwide. More autonomous regions with high degrees of ethnic fractionalization provide significantly fewer public amenities than others.

Keywords: public goods, decentralization, ethnic fractionalization, collective action, OpenStreetMap

JEL Classification: H41, H77, H75, D72, R53, C82

Suggested Citation

Seidel, André, A Global Map of Amenities: Public Goods, Ethnic Divisions and Decentralization (September 20, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3457141 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3457141

André Seidel (Contact Author)

University of Bergen, Department of Economics ( email )

Muséplassen 1
N-5008 Bergen, +47 55 58
Norway

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