A Global Map of Amenities: Public Goods, Ethnic Divisions and Decentralization
49 Pages Posted: 1 Oct 2019
Date Written: September 20, 2019
This paper presents a new global dataset on the geocode locations of public amenities, e.g., schools, hospitals or libraries, based on OpenStreetMap data. Volunteered geocoded information can be systematically incomplete; therefore, we develop and study two new proxies for the degree of completeness of OSM data in first-level administrative regions. Using our new data, we study the effects of decentralization and ethnic divisions on the provision of public amenities associated with various public goods. We find strong evidence for the existence of collective action failure at the subnational level worldwide. More autonomous regions with high degrees of ethnic fractionalization provide significantly fewer public amenities than others.
Keywords: public goods, decentralization, ethnic fractionalization, collective action, OpenStreetMap
JEL Classification: H41, H77, H75, D72, R53, C82
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation