Residential Noise Exposure and Health: Evidence from Aviation Noise and Birth Outcomes

49 Pages Posted: 23 Sep 2019

See all articles by Laura Argys

Laura Argys

University of Colorado at Denver

Susan L. Averett

Lafayette College - Department of Economics & Business

Muzhe Yang

Lehigh University - Department of Economics

Abstract

Exploiting recent concentration of flight patterns under a new Federal Aviation Administration policy (called NextGen), we examine the impact of exposure to excessive noise levels on birth outcomes. Using birth records that include mothers’ home addresses to measure airport proximity, we find the risk of low birth weight babies increases by 17 percent among mothers living near the airport in the direction of the runway. We utilize exogenous variation in noise exposure triggered by NextGen, which unintentionally increased noise in communities affected by the new flight patterns. Our finding informs policy-makers regarding the trade-off between flight optimization and human health.

Keywords: noise, airport runway, low birth weight, NextGen

JEL Classification: I10, I18, Q53, Q58, R11

Suggested Citation

Argys, Laura and Averett, Susan and Yang, Muzhe, Residential Noise Exposure and Health: Evidence from Aviation Noise and Birth Outcomes. IZA Discussion Paper No. 12605, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3457649 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3457649

Laura Argys (Contact Author)

University of Colorado at Denver ( email )

Box 173364
1250 14th Street
Denver, CO 80217
United States

Susan Averett

Lafayette College - Department of Economics & Business ( email )

Easton, PA 18042
United States
610-250-5307 (Phone)
610-250-8961 (Fax)

Muzhe Yang

Lehigh University - Department of Economics ( email )

621 Taylor Street
Bethlehem, PA 18015
United States

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