The Strange Geographies of the ‘New State Capitalism’

39 Pages Posted: 2 Oct 2019

See all articles by Ilias Alami

Ilias Alami

Maastricht University

Adam D. Dixon

Maastricht University

Date Written: July 12, 2019

Abstract

The recent polymorphism of state intervention and attendant political geographies have been interpreted as a return of state capitalism. While commentators across the social sciences have offered competing characterizations of the new state capitalism, little attention has been dedicated to how narratives and geographical imaginaries of the new state capitalism operate as a form of geopolitical knowledge and practice. Drawing upon critical geopolitics, we make three main arguments. First, we examine the context of wider geopolitical and geo-economic shifts in which the social construction of the geo-category has happened. We contend that the emerging new spatiality of the global economy has prompted the need for new discursive frames and geopolitical lines of reasoning. Second, we argue that this need is fulfilled by the geo-category state capitalism, which acts as a powerful tool in categorizing and hierarchizing the spaces of world politics. It does so by reinstituting a simple narrative of competition between two easily identifiable protagonists – (Western) democratic free-market capitalism and its deviant ‘other’, (Eastern) authoritarian state capitalism – and by reactivating older geopolitical grand narratives. Third, the geo-category state capitalism allows Western business and state actors to justify tougher policy stances in three areas: foreign policy; trade, technology, and investment regulation; and international development.

Keywords: state capitalism; critical geopolitics; state intervention; state-owned enterprise; sovereign wealth fund; Cold War; China; US hegemony; state-capital hybrid

Suggested Citation

Alami, Ilias and Dixon, Adam D., The Strange Geographies of the ‘New State Capitalism’ (July 12, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3457979 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3457979

Ilias Alami (Contact Author)

Maastricht University ( email )

P.O. Box 616
Maastricht, 6200MD
Netherlands

Adam D. Dixon

Maastricht University ( email )

P.O. Box 616
Maastricht, 6200MD
Netherlands

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