Dietary Diversity and Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Aged 15-49 Years Attending at Antenatal Care in Karamara Hospital Jigjiga Town, Ethiopia
International Journal of Advanced Scientific Research & Development (IJASRD), 06 (08/I), 2019, pp. DOI: 10.26836/ijasrd/2019/v6/i8/60804
14 Pages Posted: 9 Oct 2019
Date Written: August 2019
Dietary diversity is an aspect of dietary quality that indicates general nutritional adequacy. Lack of diversified diets is a severe problem in the developing world, where diets are predominantly starchy staples with few animal products, seasonal fruits and vegetables. The nutritional status of a woman during pregnancy is important as a sub-optimal diet impacts negatively on the health of the mother, the foetus and the newborn. There is limited knowledge in the area of dietary diversity. The study aimed to assess the dietary diversity and the nutritional status among pregnant women. Descriptive Cross sectional analytical design was used and the study was carried out at karamara hospital in jigjiga town, Ethiopia. A sample size of 37 pregnant women was targeted with the first respondent being randomly selected was used until the required sample was reached. Mid upper arm circumference (MUAC) of the left arm of the respondents and hemoglobin levels of the women were measured to determine the nutrition status. Data were collected using researcher administered questionnaires. Data were entered and analyzed using MS-excel and summarized using descriptive statistics such as frequencies and percentages. Data collected using primary data like questionnaire.. Based on MUAC cut offs, 43percent were malnourished (MUAC <21.0cm) while 57 percent of the respondents were normal (MUAC >21.0cm). Based on the WHO cut offs (Hb<11.0 mmols/l), 46percent were anaemic. It is recommended that guidelines for nutrition and diets for pregnant women be developed and disseminated and promotion of dietary diversity and modification of diets be carried out through practical demonstrations in the community and health facilities. The findings of the study may be used by Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation (MOPHS) and other organizations to promote and implement programmes aimed at improving dietary diversity and nutrition status among pregnant women in the County and other counties with similar characteristics.
Keywords: Dietary Diversity, Nutritional Status, Pregnant Women, Anti Natal Clinic
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