WTO Reform: Will There Be a Third Option Other than a U.S. Withdrawal and a China Expulsion?
Asian Journal of WTO & International Health Law and Policy, Vol. 14, No. 2, pp. 359-404, September 2019
46 Pages Posted: 8 Oct 2019
Date Written: September 27, 2019
With an aim to solve the recent crisis of the World Trade Organization (hereinafter “WTO”), this paper examines the present proposals, especially with regards to a United States withdrawal solution and a China expulsion solution. It concludes that neither of these proposals is sufficient nor feasible for solving the problem. Therefore, this paper advocates five principles for the future WTO reform: first, reform should follow a neutral reform agenda; second, the existing WTO rules should be fully taken advantage of; third, reform should prioritize the way out of the Appellate Body impasse; fourth, the Doha Round should continue to be accomplished; and fifth, new multilateral rules should be formulated to keep the WTO relevant.
Keywords: WTO Reform, neutral reform agenda, existing WTO rules, Appellate Body, impasse, Doha Round
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