Bootstrapping the Gini Index of the Network Degree: An Application for Italian Corporate Governance
Working Paper Series Department of Economics University of Verona, WP No. 5, June 2019
16 Pages Posted: 9 Oct 2019
Date Written: June 1, 2019
We propose a new approach based on bootstrapping to compare complex networks. This is an important task when we wish to compare the effect of a (policy) shock on the structure of a network. The bootstrap test compares two values of the Gini index, and the test is performed on the difference between them. The application is based on the interlocking directorship network. At the director level, Italian corporate governance is characterized by the widespread occurrence of interlocking directorates. Article 36 of Law 214/2011 prohibited interlocking directorates in the financial sector. We compare the interlocking directorship networks in 2009 (before the reform) with 2012 (after the reform) and find evidence of an asymmetric effect of the reform on the network centrality of the different companies but no significant effects on Gini indices.
Keywords: Complex Networks, Gini Index, Bootstrap Method
JEL Classification: C13, G34
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation