Academic Engagement: A Review of the Literature 2011-2019

64 Pages Posted: 17 Oct 2019 Last revised: 20 Apr 2020

See all articles by Markus Perkmann

Markus Perkmann

Imperial College Business School

Rossella Salandra

University of Bath - School of Management

Valentina Tartari

Copenhagen Business School - Department of Innovation and Organizational Economics

Maureen McKelvey

University of Gothenburg

Alan Hughes

University of Cambridge - Centre for Business Research (CBR)

Date Written: April 18, 2020

Abstract

We provide a systematic review of the literature on academic engagement from 2011 onwards which was the cut-off year of a previous review in Research Policy. Academic engagement refers to knowledge-related interactions of academic scientists with external organizations, set apart from research, teaching and commercialization. It includes activities such as collaborative research with industry, contract research, consulting and informal ties. We consolidate what is known about the individual, organizational and institutional antecedents of academic engagement, and its consequences for research, commercialization, and society at large. Our findings suggest that individual characteristics associated with academic engagement include being scientifically productive, senior, male, locally trained, and commercially experienced. Academic engagement is also socially conditioned by peer effects and within applied disciplines. In terms of consequences, academic engagement is positively associated with academics’ subsequent scientific productivity. We also propose new areas of investigation where evidence is still inconclusive, including individual life cycles effects, the role of organizational context and incentives, cross-national comparison, and the impact of academic engagement on the quality of subsequent research as well as educational, commercial and society-wide impact.

Keywords: University-industry relations, technology transfer, academic entrepreneurship, commercialisation, collaborative research, academic consulting

Suggested Citation

Perkmann, Markus and Salandra, Rossella and Tartari, Valentina and McKelvey, Maureen and Hughes, Alan, Academic Engagement: A Review of the Literature 2011-2019 (April 18, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3461621 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3461621

Markus Perkmann (Contact Author)

Imperial College Business School ( email )

London, SW7 2AZ
United Kingdom

Rossella Salandra

University of Bath - School of Management ( email )

Claverton Down
Bath, BA2 7AY
United Kingdom

Valentina Tartari

Copenhagen Business School - Department of Innovation and Organizational Economics ( email )

Kilevej 14A
Frederiksberg, 2000
Denmark

Maureen McKelvey

University of Gothenburg ( email )

Viktoriagatan 30
Göteborg, 405 30
Sweden

Alan Hughes

University of Cambridge - Centre for Business Research (CBR) ( email )

Top Floor, Judge Business School Building
Trumpington Street
Cambridge, CB2 1AG
United Kingdom
+44 1223 765335 (Phone)

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