Evidence on the Troubled Assets Relief Program, Bailout Size, Returns and Tail Risk
The International Journal of Business and Finance Research, v. 13 (2) p. 1-20, 2019
20 Pages Posted: 2 Nov 2019
Date Written: 2019
The US government launched the Troubled Assets Relief Program (TARP) in mid-September 2008. This article analyzes the market response to the TARP launch. We reject the null hypothesis that the bailout size has no effect on the firm’s value. Banks receiving large bailouts endure significantly larger stock price declines than banks receiving small bailouts. The average buy-and-hold return from 2008 Q4 to 2009 Q1 is 42.68% for the 293 sampled banks. Bailout banks perform 5.8% worse than non-bailout banks. The banks’ losses increase significantly from the pre-TARP period to TARP initiation period, suggesting greater tail risk from 2008 Q4 to 2009 Q1. Bailout banks contribute much more to the overall systematic risk than nonbailout banks. TARP helped restore investors’ confidence, and closed December 19, 2014 with $15.3 billion profit. Finally some causal effects of bank bailouts are considered.
Keywords: TARP Bailout, Abnormal Returns, Tail Risk, Financial Crisis, Counterfactual
JEL Classification: G18, G21, G28
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation