Power Sharing, Mobilization, and Party Organization
42 Pages Posted: 11 Oct 2019 Last revised: 14 Jul 2021
Date Written: September 30, 2019
We study the internal organization of political parties as the solution of a moral hazard problem between a party principal (or selectorate) and two factions. Factional mobilization effort bolsters a party’s electoral chances but can only be imperfectly monitored—via an internal contest. We model a party’s internal organization as a system of “prizes,” an al- location of resources between winner and loser of the internal contest. We show that when (i) a party’s baseline electoral strength is low and (ii) electoral outcomes are not too responsive to mobilization efforts, there is an inverse relationship between inter-party power sharing and intra-party power sharing: institutional settings that award more resources and policy influence to election winners should produce party structures that promote a more egalitarian allocation of power across factions. Our results help organize the empirically documented dispersion in party organizational structures.
Keywords: Power Sharing, Party Organization, Political Contests
JEL Classification: D02, D72
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation