Preserving or Poisoning: A Case of Dried-Beans from Nigeria

12 Pages Posted: 11 Oct 2019

See all articles by Yunusa Hassan

Yunusa Hassan

Federal University Gashua; NIMS University, Students; Umar Suleiman College of Education Gashua

Hassan Usman Zamani

Umar Suleiman College of Education Gashua

Deepika Varshney

National Institute of Management Studies (NIMS)

Date Written: July 7, 2018

Abstract

Beans (Vigna unguiculata) are commonly known as the cowpea, black-eyed pea, catjang,
china-pea, cow-gram or southern-peas that were mainly grown in the tropics and subtropics
regions. Globally, beans are great source of protein for human, and are found in curry
dishes, cooked with rice, in desserts or as paste. This is a popular legume grown in Nigeria
which were mainly dried and stored for either local consumption or traded and exported to
various countries around the world, especially the European Union. Nigeria was among the
leading beans exporting nation of the world. Since 2013, the EU has placed temporary
import suspension on dried-beans originating from Nigeria due to the discovery of higher
pesticides residue found in them (between 0.03mg/kg and 4.6mg/kg). This study assesses the
key techniques used in preserving dried-beans in Nigeria. Based on the qualitative nature of
the data involved, the study employed survey research design that depend on in-depth
interview with open ended questions and personal observations. This study discovered that
high illiteracy among the dried-beans merchants and storekeepers lead to direct application
of various toxic pesticide in high doses onto the dried-beans with a sole intention of
protection from pest. The study finally recommends the provision modern grain storing
facilities.

Keywords: Dried-beans, Storage, Pesticides, Nigeria, Preserving

Suggested Citation

Hassan, Yunusa and Zamani, Hassan Usman and Varshney, Deepika, Preserving or Poisoning: A Case of Dried-Beans from Nigeria (July 7, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3462398 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3462398

Yunusa Hassan (Contact Author)

Federal University Gashua ( email )

Nguru road
Gashua
Nigeria
2348069707281 (Phone)

NIMS University, Students ( email )

Rajastan
India
8690416701 (Phone)

Umar Suleiman College of Education Gashua ( email )

Along Nguru-Gashua road
Gashua, WY Yobe 631101
Nigeria
2348069707281 (Phone)

Hassan Usman Zamani

Umar Suleiman College of Education Gashua

Along Nguru-Gashua road
Gashua, WY Yobe 631101
Nigeria

Deepika Varshney

National Institute of Management Studies (NIMS)

# 123, 1st Main Road
Kengeri Satellite Town
Bangalore, Karnataka 560060
India

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