Dynamic Optimization for Goals-Based Wealth Management with Multiple Goals
44 Pages Posted: 14 Oct 2019
Date Written: October 1, 2019
We develop a dynamic programming methodology that seeks to maximize investor outcomes over multiple, potentially competing goals (such as upgrading a home, paying college tuition, or maintaining an income stream in retirement), even when financial resources are limited. Unlike Monte Carlo approaches currently in wide use in the wealth management industry, our approach uses investor preferences to dynamically make the optimal determination for fulfilling or not fulfilling each goal and for selecting the investor’s investment portfolio. This can be computed quickly, even for numerous investor goals spread over different or concurrent time periods, where each goal may allow for partial fulfillment or be all-or-nothing. The probabilities of attaining each (full or partial) goal under the optimal scenario are also computed, so the investor can ensure the algorithm accurately reflects their preference for the relative importance of each of their goals. These portfolio prescriptions are consistent with Prospect Theory.
Keywords: goals-based wealth management, multiple goals, dynamic programming, optimal portfolio
JEL Classification: C61, G11
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation