91 Pages Posted: 3 Oct 2019

See all articles by Oeindrila Dube

Oeindrila Dube

University of Chicago - Harris School of Public Policy

Harish S.P.

College of William & Mary

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: August 2019


Do states experience more peace under female leadership? We examine this question in the context of Europe over the 15th-20th centuries. We instrument queenly rule using gender of the first born and whether the previous monarchs had a sister. We find that polities led by queens participated in war more than polities led by kings. Moreover, aggressive participation varied by marital status. Single queens were attacked more than single kings. However, married queens attacked more than married kings. These results suggest that asymmetries in the division of labor positioned married queens to be able to pursue more aggressive war policies.

JEL Classification: N43, D74, H56, F51, J16, J20

Suggested Citation

Dube, Oeindrila and S.P., Harish, Queens (August 2019). University of Chicago, Becker Friedman Institute for Economics Working Paper No. 2019-120, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3463364 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3463364

Oeindrila Dube (Contact Author)

University of Chicago - Harris School of Public Policy ( email )

1155 E 60th St
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

Harish S.P.

College of William & Mary ( email )

Government Dept, College of William & Mary
Post Office Box 8795
Williamsburg, VA 23186
United States

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