Defence Against the Dark Artefacts: Smart Home Cybercrimes and Cybersecurity Standards

Edinburgh School of Law Research Paper No. 2019/33

25 Pages Posted: 15 Oct 2019 Last revised: 9 Jul 2021

See all articles by Stanislaw Piasecki

Stanislaw Piasecki

University of Nottigham

Lachlan Urquhart

University of Edinburgh - School of Law; Horizon Digital Economy Research Institute

Derek McAuley

University of Nottingham

Date Written: April 2, 2021

Abstract

This paper analyses the assumptions underpinning a range of emerging EU and UK smart home cybersecurity standards. We use internet of things (IoT) case studies (such as the Mirai Botnet affair) and the criminological concept of ‘routine activity theory’ to situate our critique. Our study shows that current cybersecurity standards mainly assume smart home environments are (and will continue to be) underpinned by cloud architectures. This is a shortcoming in the longevity of standards. This paper argues that edge computing approaches, such as personal information management systems, are emerging for the IoT and challenge the cloud focused assumptions of these standards. In edge computing, data can be stored in a decentralised manner, locally and analysed on the client using federated learning. This can have advantages for security, privacy and legal compliance, over centralised cloud-based approaches, particularly around cross border data flows and edge based security analytics. As a consequence, standards should start to reflect the increased interest in this trend to make them more aspirational and responsive for the long term; as ultimately, current IoT architectures are a choice, as opposed to inherent. Our paper unpacks the importance of the adoption of edge computing models which could enable better management of external cyber-criminality threats in smart homes. We also briefly discuss challenges of building smart homes that can accommodate the complex nature of everyday life in the home. In addition to technical aspects, the social and interactional complexities of the home mean internal threats can also emerge. As these human factors remain unresolved in current approaches to smart home cybersecurity, a user’s security can be impacted by such technical design choices.

Keywords: Internet of Things, smart homes, standards, security, cloud, edge computing

Suggested Citation

Piasecki, Stanislaw and Urquhart, Lachlan and McAuley, Derek, Defence Against the Dark Artefacts: Smart Home Cybercrimes and Cybersecurity Standards (April 2, 2021). Edinburgh School of Law Research Paper No. 2019/33, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3463799 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3463799

Stanislaw Piasecki (Contact Author)

University of Nottigham ( email )

University Park
Nottingham, NG8 1BB
United Kingdom

Lachlan Urquhart

University of Edinburgh - School of Law

Old College
South Bridge
Edinburgh, EH8 9YL
United Kingdom

Horizon Digital Economy Research Institute ( email )

University of Nottingham Innovation Park
Triumph Road
Nottingham, NG7 2TU
United Kingdom

Derek McAuley

University of Nottingham ( email )

University Park
Nottingham, NG8 1BB
United Kingdom

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
115
Abstract Views
916
rank
295,844
PlumX Metrics